Skip to main content

Critical habitats and biodiversity: inventory, thresholds and governance

This paper examines the distribution of species and critical marine habitats across the world’s oceans; analyzes trends in drivers, pressures, impacts and response; and establishes thresholds for protecting biodiversity hotspots, and indicators to monitor change.

From this scientific base, it assesses the current legal framework and available tools for biodiversity protection, current gaps in ocean governance and management and the implications for achieving a sustainable ocean economy tailored to individual coastal states grouped by social indicators.

The authors for this paper are: Octavio Aburto-Oropeza, Alex Rogers, Ward Appeltans, Lisa T. Ballance, Philippe Cury, Carlos Duarte, Fabio Favoretto, Joy Kumagai, Catherine Lovelock, Chris McOwen, Patricia Miloslavich, Aidin Niamir, David Obura, Beth O’Leary, Callum Roberts, Yvonne Sadovy, Tracey Sutton, Derek Tittensor, and Enriqueta Velarde.