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The ocean transition: what to learn from system transitions

In paving the way for a sustainable ocean economy, the importance of learning from comparable global transitions in the past cannot be overstated.

This paper examines past successes and failures and their key contributing factors, identifying relevant learnings to be applied to the ocean context.

The paper will consider the current dynamics of transition already underway; alternative future transition pathways; and policy or other responses that can help encourage a transition to a more sustainable ocean.

The authors for this paper are: Mark Swilling, Mary Ruckelshaus, Tanya Brodie Rudolph, Philile Mbatha, Eddie Allison, Stefan Gelcich, and Henrik Osterblom.